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relation between number of poles and speed


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Dear samer,


All loads moved by electric motors are really moved by magnetism. The purpose of every component in a motor is to help harness, control, and use magnetic force. When applying an AC drive system it helps to remember you are actually applying magnets to move a load. To move a load fast does not require more magnets, you just move the magnets fast. To move a heavier load or to decrease acceleration time (accelerate faster) more magnets (more torque) are needed. This is the basis for all motor applications.


Now when you have less poles the interchange of magnets is fastest and hence the speed is more.



hope it answers your question.







" If you tell the truth, you don't have to remember your lies ! "

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I would have thought that the information provided by chaterpilar (excellent work) would have been sufficient for you. As that does not appear to be the case, the following should help you further.



Ns = Synchronous speed

120 = Engineering constant

f = frequency

p = number of poles


It is clear from the above, syncrounous speed is inversly proportional to number of poles. Take for example;


2 pole motor, 50Hz supply

Ns = (120 x 50) / 2 = 3000 RPM


4 pole motor, 50Hz supply

Ns = (120 x 50) / 4 = 1500 RPM




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